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Anathema are an English rock band from Liverpool. The line-up consists of singers and guitarists Vincent and Daniel Cavanagh, their brother Jamie Cavanagh at bass, siblings John and Lee Douglas, respectively drummer and singer, and keyboardist Daniel Cardoso since November 2012. The band was founded as Pagan Angel in 1990 by the three Cavanagh brothers, John, and singer Darren White, as a death/doom band; At the time White was the only singer of the band. The following year, Jamie left and was replaced by Duncan Patterson. Under this line-up, Anathema released their first EP ''The Crestfallen'' (1992) and their first album ''Serenades'' (1993). However White left in 1995; Vincent decided to act as Anathema's vocalist in addition to his guitarist function in the albums ''The Silent Enigma'' (1995) and ''Eternity'' (1996), which were going into a more gothic metal direction. In 1997 John left the band, and was replaced by Shaun Steels for the album ''Alternative 4'' (1998). Both Patterson and Steels left the same year, replaced by Dave Pybus and a returning John Douglas, while former My Dying Bride keyboardist and violinist Martin Powell also joined the band (Daniel Cavanagh was also acting as the band's only keyboardist, and shared this position since). The only album released with this line-up was ''Judgement'' (1999): the same year Powell switched positions with Cradle of Filth's keyboardist Les Smith who joined Anathema, and Lee Douglas, John's sister, was added to the line-up as a backing and occasionnal lead vocalist. The band released their sixth album ''A Fine Day to Exit'' in 2001, turning into an alternative/progressive rock band. Shortly after the release, Pybus announced his departure and was replaced by the band's original bassist Jamie Cavanagh, reuniting the three brothers in the band for the first time since 1991. There were no new members in the band during ten years, with the albums ''A Natural Disaster'' (2003) and ''We're Here Because We're Here'' (2010) being released under the same line-up; however Daniel left Anathema from 2002 to 2003 to join Antimatter. Smith left Anathema in 2011, and Vincent and Daniel both assumed the function of keyboardist for the band's ninth album ''Weather Systems'' in 2012. The same year, Cardoso, the band's live keyboardist since 2011, joined as a full-time member.Wikipedia This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect, defamatory or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia.